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The success of the Egyptian Democratic Movement

二月 12, 2011 By: 小民 Category: 環球視野

There are lots of reasons for the success of the Egyptian Democratic Movement, for instance, there are the corruption of the government, the serious unemployment problem, the facilitation of the internet, the rising prices of food, the impact of the triumph of the Tunisian Democratic Movement, the assurance of no suppression by the military force, Hosni Mubarak’s lost of military support at last and most importantly the power of the public.

The Egyptian people are enthusiastic and brave.  Their actions were non-violent and intelligent.  They persisted on the demand of the stepping down of the presidency of Mubarak.  They didn’t give way though the dictator said that he and his son Gamal wouldn’t seek presidency in the coming election.  To them, no concession should be made until the aim was reached.

Might be the shortness of the protest was also a very important factor.  On January 25th, a national holiday to commemorate the police forces, Egyptians took to the streets in large numbers, calling it a ‘day of rage’.  On February 11th, Mubarak stepped down.  It was just 18 days, then the movement gained a beautiful victory.  No one knows if the movement existed several months longer, would there be so many people supported the movement.  It is possible that if it was not Wael Ghonim, the Google executive, whose release led to another climax of the movement, the majority of the Egyptians might just accept Mubarak as the president until September this year.

A longer movement may result in more disagreement among the public.  During the 1989 Democratic Movement in China, disputes on rather to stay in the Tiananmen Square or not appeared.  Later, some protesters left the Square, some stayed behind and some joined in.  The situation became more complicated and the morale of those in the Square was affected.  For example, after Zhao Ziyang made a conciliatory speech on May 4, student leader Wang Dan thought that the movement should changed its direction and it was better for students to go back to schools and universities and then continued another form of struggle for democracy and political reforms but Tiananmen Square Leader Chai Ling insisted to stay at Tiananmen to pursue for the betterment of the state.  And finally at the night of June 3rd 1989, the sound of guns and tanks broke the tranquility of Beijing, large number of innocent ordinary people were killed on that day and afterwards.  When a democratic movement becomes longer, it will be more difficult for the participants to stick on the same goal.  To gain victory, it is important to learn from the experience of other countries.  The above facts show us that the persistence of the public and no concession until fulfillment are important to the success of the Egyptian Democratic Movement.  And might be the quickness of the movement to reduce variations also facilitated its final win.

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